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刘志彪:全球价值链中长三角地区外向型经济战略的提升

更新时间:2007-02-14 09:09:09
作者: 刘志彪  

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  Upgrading export-oriented strategy in global value chain:a casein Yangtze River Delta

  Liu Zhibiao

  Abstract:During the participation in global value chain ,the YRDhas tended to develop export-oriented economy as an dependency economy.Too much emphasis has been paid on the specialization of primary factors,thereby may bring the industry into a serious decline.Poor participationin global value chain may be easily locked in the low value-added sectorsfor a long time ,trapping in the immiserizing growth.The key to breakaway from dependency development is to put more input to advanced factorsof production in industry ,namely ,in productive field ,to investmore to advanced producer services that are knowledge ,human and technologycapital-intensive ,and to move from value chains to learn chains andinnovation chains ,helping upgrading industries.

  Keywords:export-oriented economy,dependency economy ,advancedproducer services ,global value chain ,case study

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  [1]贫困化增长,是指在贸易量和经济增长的同时,价格却持续下降、人均实际收入难以提高的状况

  [2]加工贸易增值率是指加工贸易出口值与进口值之比减去1,它反映了生产加工环节的附加值程度。若加工贸易的链条较长,即所需零部件和原材料由国内生产供给,或加工过程中技术含量较高,则该增值系数较高,反之则低。

  [3]江苏省机电产品加工贸易增值率情况分析,2006年9月23日下载于:http://siyang.mofcom.gov.cn/aarticle/shuju/200511/20051100726932.html

  [4]Ra úl Prebisch,Commercial Policy in the Underdeveloped Countries,American Economic Review,Vol.XLIX ,May 1959,p.251.

  [5]如在普雷维什时代,先进国家是生产工业品,而拉美多加为其生产粮食和原材料,当今先进国家已经把许多工业制成品用外包方式转移到相对后进国家生产,自己则主要从事非实体性活动。再如当今的全球经济联系不在表现为“中心—外围”关系,而是表现为利用全球价值链把发展中国家纳入其循环体系。

  [6]李富:加工贸易的拉美化陷阱,2006年09月20日下载于http://finance.sina.com.cn

  [7]“浙江集群经济的‘二次革命’”,2006年09月23日下载于:http://www.xinhuanet.com

  [8]GVC中的交易形式有公平市场交易型、被俘获型、均衡型、准纵向一体化型和纵向一体化型,具体区分详见Humphrey and Schmitz(2002)。下文将论述:当它们沿着价值链试图上升到功能升级阶段时,经历却各不相同,其中绝大部分企业升级的战略不能算成功。


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