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张蓓 孙成昊:特朗普执政以来美欧关系的变化、动因及影响

更新时间:2019-07-05 23:30:16
作者: 张蓓   孙成昊  
utm_term=.1e30ce6dea44。

   ④NATO,Brussels Summit Declaration,July 11,2018,https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/official_texts_156624.htm.

   ⑤Jen Judson,“Funding to Deter Russia Reaches $6.5B in FY19 Defense Budget Request,” Defense News,February 12,2018,https://www.defensenews.com/land/2018/02/12/funding-to-deter-russia-reaches-65b-in-fy19-defense-budget-request/.

   ⑥赵怀普、赵健哲:《“特朗普冲击波”对美欧关系的影响》,《欧洲研究》2017年第1期,第2-5页;冯仲平:《特朗普冲击下的欧美关系》,《当代世界》2017年第4期,第8-10页。

   ⑦Stephen F.Szabo,“The Trump Era or Interregnum? The Changing View of Europe in the United States,” Heinrich-Bll-Stiftung,November 21,2017,https://eu.boell.org/en/2017/11/21/trump-era-or-interregnum-changing-view-europe-united-states.

   ⑧辩论的一方是“新大西洋主义宣言”的代表,参见“In Spite of It All,America,” New York Times,October 11,2017,https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/11/world/europe/germany-united-states-trump-manifesto.html;另一派则是“后大西洋主义派”,参见Von Jrg Lauund Bernd Ulrich,“Something New in the West,” Zeit,October 25,2017,https://www.zeit.de/politik/2017-10/foreign-policy-germany-atlanticism-relationships-values。

   ⑨Hans Kundnani and Jana Puglierin,“Atlanticist and ‘Post-Atlanticist’ Wishful Thinking,” GMF Policy Essay,January 3,2018,http://www.gmfus.org/publications/atlanticist-and-postatlanticist-wishful-thinking.

   ⑩Jonathan Steanrs,“NATO Salutes Europe’s Defense Budget Increases,” Bloomberg,February 14,2018,https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-02-14/nato-salutes-europe-s-defense-budget-rise-amid-trump-pressure.

   (11)参见法国、英国、意大利、德国四家最有影响力的国际关系智库负责人在美国宣布退出伊核协议后联合撰写的文章,“Europe Should Defend the Iran Deal without Burning Bridges to the U.S.,” Chatham House,May 18,2018,https://www.chathamhouse.org/expert/comment/europe-should-defend-iran-deal-without-burning-bridges-us。

   (12)Walter Russell Mead,Special Providence:American Foreign Policy and How It Changed the World,New York:Alfred A.Knopf,2001.

   (13)有学者认为,美国搬迁驻以色列使馆、敌视伊朗的中东“冒险政策”不符合杰克逊主义,参见Robert W.Merry,“Trump’s Leadership Void,” American Conservative,January/February 2018,p.19;也有学者认为,由于美国国内另外“三大主义”力量会不断向特朗普施压促变,特朗普的外交理念最终无法坚持纯粹的杰克逊主义,参见Daniel S.Hamilton,“Trump’s Jacksonian Foreign Policy and Its Implications for European Security,” UI Brief,No.2,May 2017,p.4。

   (14)Walter Russell Mead,“The Jacksonian Revolt,” Foreign Affairs,Vol.96,No.2,March/April 2017,p.2.

   (15)Robert Putnam,“Diplomacy and Domestic Politics:The Logic of the Two-Level Games,” International Organization,Vol.42,No.3,1988,pp.427-460.

   (16)Robert Kagan,Of Paradise and Power:America and Europe in the New World Order,New York:Vintage Books,2004,p.3.

   (17)A.Wess Mitchell,“Anchoring the Western Alliance,” U.S.Embassy in Cyprus,June 5,2018,https://useu.usmission.gov/remarks-by-a-s-wess-mitchell-anchoring-the-western-alliance/.

   (18)European Union,“Shared Vision,Common Action:A Stronger Europe,A Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign and Security Policy,” June 2016,http://europa.eu/globalstrategy/sites/globalstrategy/files/regions/files/eugs_review_web_0.pdf.

   (19)Kurt M.Campbell and Ely Ratner,“The China Reckoning:How Beijing Defied American Expectations,” Foreign Affairs,Vol.97,No.2,March/April 2018,pp.60-70.

   (20)European External Action Service,“Elements for a New EU Strategy on China,” June 22,2016,https://eeas.europa.eu/regions/asia/15397/elements-new-eu-strategy-china_en.

   (21) Godement and  Vasselier,“China at the Gates:A New Power Audit of EU-China Relations,” European Council on Foreign Relations,November 2017,https://www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/china_eu_power_audit7242; and Thorsten Benner,et al.,Authoritarian Advance:Responding to China’s Growing Political Influence in Europe(Berlin:Global Public Policy Institute and Mercator Institute for China Studies,January 2018),http://www.gppi.net/fileadmin/user_upload/media/pub/2018/Benner_MERICS_2018_Authoritarian_Advance.pdf.

   (22)National Security Strategy of the United States of America,Washington,D.C.:White House,December 2017,p.3.

   (23)European Union,“Shared Vision,Common Action:A Stronger Europe,A Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign and Security Policy,” June 2016,http://europa.eu/globalstrategy/sites/globalstrategy/files/regions/files/eugs_review_web_0.pdf.

   (24)Ibid.

   (25)“Joint Letter of Presidents Donald Tusk and Jean-Claude Juncker on the Upcoming G20 Summit,” European Council/Council of the European Union,July 5,2017,http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2017/07/05/tusk-juncker-joint-letter-g20/.

   (26)Thomas Wright,A Post-American Europe and the Future of US Strategy.

(27)Robert Kagan,“Trump’s America Does Not Care,” Washington Post,June 14,2018,https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/donald-trumps-america-the-rogue-superpower/2018/06/14/c01bb540-6ff7-11e8-afd5-778aca903bbe_story.(点击此处阅读下一页)

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文章来源:《国际展望》2018年 第6期
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