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於兴中:培根的25条法律格言

更新时间:2020-12-05 13:53:11
作者: 於兴中  
中文:一个人的言语和行为可以成为对他本人最不利的证据。

  

   Maxim 4: Quod sub cer forma concessum vel reservatum est , non trahitur ad valorem vel compensationem.

   英文:That which is granted or reserved under a certain condition is not to be extracted according to value or compensation. ( That which is granted or reserved under a certain form, is not to be drawn into a valuation. )

   中文:凡已授予或按一定条件预定之物均不可再议其价值或补偿。

  

   Maxim 5: Necessitas inducit privilegium quoad jura private.

   英文:Necessity introduces an exception into the rights of individuals. ( Necessity gives a preference with regard to private rights. )

   中文:必然之事优待私权。

  

   Maxim 6: Corporalis injuria non recipit aestimationem de futuro.

   英文:Bodily injury does not await the future for its evaluation. A personal injury does no receive satisfaction from a future course of proceeding. )

   中文:人身伤害需及时评估。

  

   Maxim 7: Exusat aut extenuate delictum in capitalibus, quod non operatur idem in civilibus.

   英文:There are extenuating circumstances in capital cases which do not operate in civil cases.

   中文:重大刑事案件减刑的条件不适用于民事案件。

  

   Maxim 8: Aestimatio praeteriti delicti ex postremo facto nunquam crescit.

   英文:the value of a past offense is never increased by a subsequent act.(The estimation of a crime committed never increased from a subsequent fact. The weight of a past offense is never increased by a subsequent fact. )

   中文:过往的违法行为不会因为后来的违法行为而有所加重。

  

   Maxim 9: Quod remidio destituitur ipsa re valet si culpa absit.

   英文:Whoever has been forsaken by a remedy, avails if he is without fault. (That which is without a remedy is valid by the thing itself,if there be no fault. That which is without remedy avails of itself, if there be no fault in the party seeking to enforce it. )

   中文:该补救而未得到补救者,只要自身无过错,便有正当请求权。

  

   Maxim 10: Verba generalia restringuntur ad habilitatem rei vel personae.

   英文:General words are restricted to the suitableness of the subject or person. ( General words should be confined to the character of the thing or the aptitude of the person. )

   中文:一般词语的使用仅限于适当的事物和人。

  

   Maxim 11: Jura sanguinis nullo jure civili dirimi possunt.

   英文:Rights founded in consanguinity cannot be destroyed by civil law. ( The right of blood and kindred cannot be destroyed by any civil law. )

   中文:基于血缘关系之权利,民法弗能消解。

  

   Maxim 12: Receditur a placitis juris, potius quam injuria, et delictamaneant impunita.

   英文:A departure from Placita juris is preferable to letting wrongs and offences go unpunished. ( We dispense with the forms of law rather than that crimes and wrongs should be unpunished. Positive rules of law will be receded from, rather than crimes and wrongs

   should remain unpunished. )

   中文:与其任由违法犯罪逃脱制裁,宁可选择违背先例。

  

   Maxim 13: Non accipi debent verba in demonstrationem falsam quae competunt in limitationem veram.

   英文:Words ought not be accepted in proof as false, when they are rightly suitable as limitations. ( Words ought not to be taken in a false descriptive sense which are competent to describe a true limitation. Words ought not to be taken to import a false demonstration which may have effect by way of true limitation. Words which agree in a true meaning should not be received in a false sense. )

   中文:具有一定真实意义的词语,不应理解为虚假陈述。

  

   Maxim 14: Licet dispositio de interesse futuro sit inutilis, tamen potest neri declaratio praecedens quae sortiatur effectum interveniente novo actu.

   英文:Although the disposition of a future interest is pointless, a preceding declaration may be made, to take effect once a new eventhas occurred. ( Although the grant of a future interest be inoperative, yet a declaration precedent may be made, which may take effect, provided a new act intervene. )

   中文:尽管处理未来利益似乎无用,但未尝不可事先作一陈述,以备后用。

  

   Maxim 15: In criminalibus sufficit generalis maltia intentionis cum facto paris gradus.

英文:In criminal actions, it is sufficient if there is a general malice of intention with an act of equal degree.(点击此处阅读下一页)


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