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胡泳:后真相与政治的未来

更新时间:2018-01-28 20:55:21
作者: 胡泳 (进入专栏)  
The Telegraph, 24 June 2016, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/06/24/nigel-farage-350-million-pledge-to-fund-the-nhs-was-a-mistake/; “Brexit: £350 million a week extra for the NHS only 'an aspiration' - says Vote Leave campaigner Chris Grayling”, The Independent, 27 June 2016, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/brexit-350-million-a-week-extra-for-the-nhs-only-an-aspiration-says-vote-leave-campaigner-chris-a7105246.html

   [2] “Donald Trump just called himself ‘Mr. Brexit,’ and nobody really knows why”, The Washington Post, 18 August 2016,

   https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2016/08/18/donald-trump-just-called-himself-mr-brexit-and-nobody-really-knows-why/?utm_term=.71d7bd780294.

   [3] “Word of the Year 2016 is…”, https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/word-of-the-year/word-of-the-year-2016.

   [4] (英)乔治·奥威尔:《一九八四》,董乐山译,辽宁:辽宁教育出版社,1998年3月第1版,第70页。

   [5] “George Orwell’s ‘1984’ Is Suddenly a Best-Seller”, The New York Times, 25 January 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/25/books/1984-george-orwell-donald-trump.html.

   [6] “Donald Trump is the sole reliable source of truth, says chair of House Science Committee”, Vox, 17 January 2017, http://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2017/1/27/14395978/donald-trump-lamar-smith.

   [7] “Trump’s real war isn’t with the media. It’s with facts”, Vox, 21 January 2017, http://www.vox.com/

   policy-and-politics/2017/1/21/14347952/trump-spicer-press-conference-crowd-size-inauguration.

   [8] “I was a White House fact-checker. Don’t accept Trump’s attitude toward the truth”, Vox, 27 January 2017, http://www.vox.com/first-person/2017/1/27/

   14398320/trump-spicer-facts-truth.

   [9] (美)戴维·温伯格:《知识的边界》,胡泳、高美译,山西:山西人民出版社,2014年12月第1版,第60页。

   [10] Barbara J. Shapiro, A Culture of Fact: England , 1550-1720, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2003.

   [11] (美)戴维·温伯格:《知识的边界》,胡泳、高美译,山西:山西人民出版社,2014年12月第1版,第62页。温伯格类比的应该是牛顿第三定律,此处作者有误。

   [12] 转引自(美)戴维·温伯格:《知识的边界》,胡泳、高美译,山西:山西人民出版社,2014年12月第1版,第56页。

   [13] “Britain has had enough of experts, says Gove”, Financial Times, 4 June 2016,

   https://www.ft.com/content/3be49734-29cb-11e6-83e4-abc22d5d108c.

   [14] “2015 EDELMAN TRUST BAROMETER”, http://www.edelman.com/insights/intellectual-property/2015-edelman-trust-barometer/.

   [15] Delia Mocanu et al., “Collective attention in the age of (mis)information”,

   http://arxiv.org/abs/1403.3344.

   [16] The Portable Nietzsche, Edited and translated by Walter Kaufmann, New York: Penguin, 1977, p. 458.

   [17] Maurizio Ferraris, “New Realism and New Media: From Documentality to Normativity”, in Philosophy of Emerging Media: Understanding, Appreciation, Application (edited by Juliet Floyd & James E. Katz), New York: Oxford University Press, 2016, p.60.

   [18] 雅克·德里达说过,"there is no outside-text" (il n'y a pas de hors-texte),即“没有外在的文本”。这句话被误译为"there is nothing outside of the text",即“文本之外并无其他”,经常被用来表明德里达认为除了言语之外没有任何东西存在,例如米歇尔·福柯的看法就是如此。实际上德里达只是想表示,区分何为“内”、何为“外”简直是不可能的,不可避免的上下文(context)是延异的核心,不存在意义整全的那一刻。

   [19] 福柯将知识作为权力的历史表现而进行的考察,参见Michel Foucault, Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972-1977 (edited by Colin Gordon), New York: Pantheon, 1980.

   [20] Maurizio Ferraris, “New Realism and New Media: From Documentality to Normativity”, in Philosophy of Emerging Media: Understanding, Appreciation, Application (edited by Juliet Floyd & James E. Katz), New York: Oxford University Press, 2016, p.62.

   [21] Maurizio Ferraris, Introduction to New Realism (translated by Sarah De Sanctis), London: Bloomsbury, 2015, p. 21.

   [22] Alexander Stille, “The Corrupt Reign of Emperor Silvio”, 11 March 2010, http://alexanderstille.net/the-corrupt-reign-of-emperor-silvio/.

   [23] Ron Suskind, “Faith, Certainty and the Presidency of George W. Bush”, New York Times Magazine, October 17, 2004.

   [24] “Leave donor plans new party to replace Ukip – possibly without Farage in charge”, The Guardian, 29 June 2016,

   https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2016/jun/29/leave-donor-plans-new-party-to-replace-ukip-without-farage.

   [25] Whitney v. California, Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School,

   https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/274/357.

   [26] Whitney v. California, Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School,

   https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/274/357.

   [27] Abrams v. United States, Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School, https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/250/616.

   [28] Timothy Snyder, On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century, New York: Tim Duggan Books, 2017.

   [29] Michael P. Lynch, The Internet of US: Knowing More and Understanding Less in the Age of Big Data, New York: Liverigh, 2017.

   [30] 亚历山大·汉密尔顿、詹姆斯·麦迪逊、约翰·杰伊,《联邦论:美国宪法评述》,尹宣译,北京:译林出版社,2016年,第1页。

  

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